India’s Private Giving: Unpacking Domestic Philanthropy and Corporate Social Responsibility
Since private philanthropic funding is not regularly identified and no data is being collected by States or the federal government, there is an absence of data on domestic philanthropy in India.
In order to shed light on how private domestic organisations provide financing to development in India, to examine how these private resources are allocated, and to identify the issues and geographical areas that are being targeted, OECD Development Centre undertook ‘India’s Private Giving: Unpacking Domestic Philanthropy and Corporate Social Responsibility’, a study that identifies the scope and scale of domestic philanthropy in order to assess how to unleash the potential of further partnerships in support of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
As survey partners, Sattva helped in designing and contextualising the study for the Indian philanthropic ecosystem and carried out secondary research, data collection, interviews and data validation for the report.
The study sampled 50 private organisations in India comprising of CSR, corporate and family foundations.
While the OECD invited 178 of the largest CSR and philanthropic organisations in India to be part of a survey to map India’s domestic giving sector, family foundations and corporate foundations were reluctant to share financial data, so domestic funding has been partially identified for only 50 large organisations by type of funder, target sector and the Indian States and Territories in which it is carried out.
Domestic philanthropic funding has at least matched international philanthropic funding in recent years, with close to USD 1.8 billion in domestic spending between 2013 and 2017.
An analysis based on comparable data covering domestic philanthropy, international philanthropy and ODA in India shows health and education as two main priority areas for philanthropy and CSR in India. There is scope for more coalitions and to explore how to achieve impact at scale when it comes to these areas.
Education, health and rural development attracted the largest funding. Other areas, like gender equality, receive very limited funding.
For water supply and basic sanitation, there are important overlaps in funding amongst ODA, international and domestic philanthropy, as well as CSR and public spending. This suggests potential for more large scale partnerships between ODA donors, private donors and the public sector.
Domestic philanthropic giving is highly concentrated in the States of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. Comparing funding from private giving with poverty rates reveals that domestic philanthropic giving in India focuses rather on populated areas than those with high poverty incidence.
Increasing domestic philanthropic flows pose a new challenge for the non-profit sector. Additional resources from mandatory CSR and larger voluntary donations from individuals and foundations are becoming available, so it is urgent to strengthen the ability of the non-profit sector to further absorb those resources and transform them into positive development outcomes.
The full report can be accessed below.
India’s Private Giving: Unpacking Domestic Philanthropy and Corporate Social Responsibility- Full Report
OECD launched ‘India’s Private Giving: Unpacking Domestic Philanthropy and Corporate Social Responsibility’, a study on the scope and scale of domestic philanthropy and CSR in New Delhi on 9th August.
The event featured a presentation of the report followed by a panel discussion on the key findings. ‘Private financing for development in India: New ways to achieve Agenda 2030?’ examined the role of private philanthropy, Corporate Social Responsibility and corporate philanthropy in contributing to the economic and social development of the country.
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