Social Impact Bonds as Tool to Finance Public Sector Reform

Social Impact Bonds as Tool to Finance Public Sector Reform
– By Aashir Sutar, Kisslay Anand, Aditya Kumar and Darshan Kumar

Sattva Consulting, National Institute of Urban Affairs, Sarjan Foundation, and Tata Trusts

Social Impact Bonds (SIBs) act as financial assets for attracting investors for funding social programmes by providing incentives if the predefined outcomes and targets of the programmes is achieved by the implementing agency. This paper helps in understanding more about SIBs and their working models with a case study on an education programme implemented in the country to achieve Public Sector Reform.
Public Sector Reforms is a programme for financial and management reforms aimed at bringing about long-term productivity improvements in the public sector and better service to the community. The programme is applicable across various sectors like poverty alleviation, healthcare, livelihoods, skill development, and education. Social Impact Bonds have emerged as a new financing tool and has enthusiastically been welcomed as social innovation for funding social impact projects. Social Impact Bonds (SIBs) and Development Impact Bonds (DIBs) can be defined as “Partnership between governments or donors to improve the social outcomes for a specific group of citizens or “beneficiaries” and providing the investors incentives if the project meets its predefined targets.” SIBs represent a financial mechanism aimed to fund interventions relying on an outcome-based contract. They are hybrid instruments with elements of both equity and debt. (Bolton & Savell, 2010; Liebman, 2011)

The idea behind an SIB is that private investors can be attracted to invest in social service interventions that have a positive payoff. SIBs integrate philanthropy, venture capitalism, performance management, and social programme finance into an innovative new mix. It extends and emulates the philosophy and framework of collective impact.
– Aashir Sutar is part of our Consulting Services team and is based in Mumbai.

This is an excerpt of a paper presented at the Biennial Conference on Entrepreneurship at EDII. To read the entire paper, click on the DOWNLOAD link on the left of this page.

Rahul Shah

Rahul is part the Consulting Services team in Mumbai, with experience working on organisational development with both small and large NGOs, CSR design and implementation, development impact bonds, fundraising and impact assessment.

His diverse experience in the development sector has evolved from his time working at the grassroots level in Ahmedabad, India, to community organising in his hometown of Washington, DC, consulting with social organisations across domains and managing multi-year development projects. Prior to joining Sattva, Rahul worked with TechnoServe India where he managed a CSR funded accelerator programme for women-led social enterprises and NGOs, and a USAID funded project transferring frugal agricultural innovations from India to Africa. In addition to his development sector work, he has five years of progressive experience in corporate finance with industry leading, Fortune 500 corporations in the United States.

Rahul has an MBA and an MS Finance from the University of Maryland’s Smith School of Business and an Executive Certificate in Non-Profit Management from Georgetown University.