India’s Climate Action Goals:
Rethinking the Workforce for a Green Economy
By: Anagha Wankhede, Harsha Sanyukta and Chaitanya Pathak
Inputs from: Rathish Balakrishnan
As part of its commitment to the UN Sustainable Development Goals, India has pledged to take urgent action to combat climate change. The Government of India has also set targets to reduce emissions intensity of GDP (volume of emissions per unit of GDP) by 33%-35%, and increase the share of non-fossil-based energy sources to 40% of installed capacity by 2030, as part of the Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) under the Paris Agreement.
This transition to a green economy presents the opportunity to train and employ a skilled workforce equipped to work with systems designed around sustainability and conservation of the environment. The International Labour Organization (ILO) estimates that such a transition has the potential to generate 24 million jobs globally by 2030. In India alone, the government’s target to attain 175 GW of renewable energy-based installed capacity by 2022 presents the opportunity to employ over 3,30,000 people.
‘Green Jobs’ are defined by the ILO as decent jobs that contribute to preserve or restore the environment, in traditional sectors such as manufacturing and construction, or in new, emerging green sectors such as renewable energy and energy efficiency. Green jobs present a key opportunity to boost economic growth in a sustainable manner by employing a skilled workforce within industries that prioritize environmental conservation, especially in a developing economy like India. It is pertinent to study how the green jobs landscape can contribute to creating meaningful jobs at scale.
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