Can you Predict the Future?

Can you Predict the Future?

– By Arnab Mukherjee

Kings dethroned

Nokia, a household name in the mobile phone industry in the early 2000s, took rapid strides to emerge as market leader in the mobile phone industry in a short span of time with ~40% market share at one point. However, its fall from the summit was as swift as its rise. One of the key reasons attributed to its failure was its inability to foresee the future disruption of the mobile industry by smart phones.

Kodak, the King of photography for large parts of the 20th century, after years of decline finally filed for bankruptcy in 2012. Kodak failed to see potential in the technology that it itself had invented…digital photography!

Disruptions however are nothing new. More than 100 years ago, the Ford Motor Company revolutionized transportation through the mass production of the automobile which disrupted several industries, including wagon and carriage businesses.

In more recent times, e-commerce, the sharing economy, alternative media platforms such as Netflix have all disrupted traditional business models.

Innovative business models however are not the only source of disruption. Increasingly, forces such as extreme weather events, climate change, geopolitical instability, and even global pandemics (as we witness now) are emerging as severe threats to businesses.

You can read the full article, here.

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Arnab Mukherjee is a Senior Knowledge Manager at Sattva. He drives knowledge management within Sattva and engages with clients on building sustainable businesses for them. He holds more than a decade of experience in knowledge and research in top management consulting firms in the domains of supply chain and corporate strategy.

Sattva has been working with various corporate clients to help them define their social impact goals and maximise the return on social investment. Our focus is to solve critical problems and find scalable solutions. Several corporates have been a partner to many such collaborations where effective CSR programmes have strategically aligned with business and have provided meaningful solutions to social issues.

● Talk to us: impact@sattva.co.in

Learnings from Impact Evaluation of an Ed-tech Learning Application

Learnings from Impact Evaluation of an Ed-tech Learning Application

Background

With rapid technological change and increasing penetration of smartphones in India, education technology (EdTech) has demonstrated significant potential for increasing learning outcomes for students globally and in India.

When it comes to adoption, schools have however, always considered educational apps or digital learning as a supplementary tool and may have had difficulty in mainstreaming it, mostly due to not having fully understood its efficacy. Moreover, the digital divide and inequalities in India highlight that most students need products that offer vernacular mediums of instruction, use different examples and references, target different learning and infrastructure gaps, and are sold at affordable price points.

With the context of the same, it becomes extremely essential to evaluate the technology enabled learning tools prevalent in the market and understand the efficacy challenges and implementation gaps for decision making and curriculum development.

Key Insights

To address this, Akshara Foundation partnered with Sattva Consulting to conduct a pre-and-post analysis for the cohort that was introduced to Akshara Foundation’s Building Blocks application and was conducted in urban and rural Bengaluru in Karnataka and in Bhubaneswar, Odisha covering 13 schools (both private and government aided), 1119 students and 479 parents. This study was conducted between Aug’19 and Feb’20.

Sattva looked at the study from three lenses – ‘activation’ which are the factors influencing the download of the application, ‘usage’ which are the factors leading to its consistent usage and ‘outcomes’ which are the critical factors influencing the learning of the end-user.

Some of the key insights from the study are highlighted below:

ACTIVATION

– Building Blocks application was downloaded by 67% of the students who were part of the study and 49% of them continued using the application till the time of the post-test.

– One of the key factors that the parents quoted as an influence for downloading Building Blocks was the fact that the application was free of cost, had the ability to operate in the offline mode and was available in 9 regional languages.

USAGE

– The trend of application usage was dependent on engagement activities planned by Akshara Foundation.

– Students found the Building Blocks application visually appealing and enjoyed solving problems and scoring stars while doing so. The application is based on competencies that match the school curriculum (Building Blocks as a tool conforms to the National Curriculum Framework 2005) and so becomes an ideal practice tool in the home environment, as highlighted by the mathematics teachers across schools.

OUTCOMES

– There was an increase in the learning outcomes of the students during the post-test who were not at their grade specific foundational competencies in mathematics during the pre-test.

*Excluding students who were already at the highest level in any competency during the pre-test

– There was an increase in the interest of students in mathematics after using the application. Between the pre-test and the post-test, the number of students who dislike mathematics as a subject had reduced (from a drastic 92% to 25% by the end of the post-test).

– When asked about their overall satisfaction with the application, the average rating given by 354 parents was 4 on a scale of 5. They had also started to recommend the Building Blocks application to their friends, neighbors and relatives.

Way Forward

– Sattva suggested a 4-step approach to design outreach and marketing efforts based on the target group including policy advocacy, building incentives for schools and teachers to get the students to use the application, demand creation for the product amongst the parents by establishing credibility of the application and linking learning outcomes of the application to school curriculum.

– Plan and execute concurrent engagement and monitoring activities for user support and nudges to drive engagement with parents and students.

– Launch periodic version updates of the Building Blocks application, strengthen the content of the application by adding more questions and increasing the difficulty levels, and enhancing adaptive nature to suit the user ability.

The full report can be accessed below.

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Sattva has been working with various corporate clients, foundations and social organisations to help them define the role and importance of effective Assessments. Our focus is to solve critical problems and find scalable solutions. We assist organisations in formulating their long-term social impact strategy by strategically aligning with business to provide meaningful solutions to social issues.

We’d love to hear your thoughts and feedback on this topic. Do write to us: impact@sattva.co.in

Technology-based models towards the improvement of Spoken English Skills

Technology-based models towards the improvement of Spoken English Skills

The time for EdTech is here.

Join Sattva and Michael & Susan Dell Foundation for a discussion on ways of scaling up EdTech in India for social good.

We will also present findings from our study on – Evaluating Effectiveness of Technology in Improving Spoken English: https://bit.ly/2Yrik9B

This two year, large-scale pilot assessment was conducted covering ~ 14,000 students across 9 states in India and the sample set included 18-22 year old students from the urban poor segment, in their pre-final or final year of study.

Date: Tuesday 23 June 2020
Time: 3 – 4:30 pm
Register: https://bit.ly/2YmkMhq

We hope to see you there!

charcha 2020

charcha 2020

Sattva hosted the Financial Inclusion track at “charcha 2020” – a platform for the Indian development sector to come together and chart a course for the country’s resurgence from the COVID-19 crisis, launched by The/Nudge Foundation. The platform brought together practitioners, thinkers, enablers, community leaders, policy makers to take on the challenges ahead with conviction and clarity.

As part of our Financial Inclusion track we had a range of sessions. Key insights and takeaways from these sessions can be accessed below.

14 May 2020:

Click here for the video link for Day 1

15 May 2020:

Click here for the video link for Day 2

16 May 2020:

Click here for the video link for Day 3

About charcha 2020:
The whole world is in lockdown now, grappling with the full impact of Covid-19. According to some estimates, 200 million people will be pushed into poverty in India this year, and the development sector will undergo an unprecedented resource crunch. There is an urgent need for the sector to come together and strategize in a timely manner on charting an agile course at a time when the country needs us the most.

The leading nonprofits, foundations and industry experts came together for charcha 2020 – bringing together practitioners, thinkers, enablers, community leaders and policymakers across 14 parallel events to take on the challenges ahead with conviction and clarity.

More here: charcha 2020 – Sattva and Financial Inclusion

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Sattva has been working with various non-profits and social organisations as well as corporate clients to help them define their social impact goals. Our focus is to solve critical problems and find scalable solutions. We assist organisations in formulating their long-term social impact strategy by strategically aligning with business to provide meaningful solutions to social issues.

We’d love to hear your thoughts and feedback. Do write to us: impact@sattva.co.in

Evaluating Effectiveness of Technology in Improving Spoken English

Evaluating Effectiveness of Technology in Improving Spoken English

Background

In India, out of 15 million who are employable each year, 75% aren’t job ready.

In the last decade, the importance of English has improved with an increase in the number of jobs that require fluency in spoken English. In a 2012 survey by the Economist Intelligence Unit, 70 % of executives said that their workforce will need to master English to realise corporate expansion plans, and a quarter said that more than 50 per cent of their total workforce would need English ability. Yet, only 4% men and 2% women in wage employment in India report speaking fluently in English.

Key Insights

To address this, the Michael & Susan Dell Foundation partnered with Sattva to evaluate the effectiveness of ed-tech leveraged models to improve spoken English across 14,000 students. This intervention ran from 2017 to 2019. The following were the key learnings from the ground:

1. Students who were trained showed a 2.1x improvement in spoken English over students who weren’t.
2. While pure online learning worked well for advanced students, blended models with offline content was most effective for beginner students.
3. ALL types of students improved, but beginners showed 6X improvement over advanced level students
4. Background factors like family income and parents’ education influenced starting levels but did NOT affect learning patterns and improvement.
5. Students who signed up on their own, voluntarily improved 36% more than students who were mandated by their colleges and schools
6. Specific mobile application features such as leaderboards can increase effectiveness and adoption among students.
7. Students with better English proficiencies earned 23% higher salaries
8. Factors such as semester of intervention, college support, type of cities were critical to the success of the intervention
9. Fully on-line models had the lowest cost of delivery and were most suitable for scale

What does this mean?

Ed-tech is an effective, affordable and scalable English-language learning tool that can improve employability for low-income, aspirational Indian youth at scale. The results of this study gains greater relevance in the light of the recent COVID-19 pandemic. Given the economic impact of the crisis, there will be a stronger need for students to improve their chances of employability and their readiness to the market. At the same time, the continued risk of the pandemic and the emerging reality of social distancing would mean the role of technology in education will continue to grow.
Hence, we hope our insights provide relevant answers when such technology solutions gain increased attention and adoption among colleges, skill development institutions and other social impact programmes.

Most schools around the world have been temporarily closed. These nationwide closures are impacting over 90% of the world’s student population, with 320 million children of 1.4 million schools impacted in India of which 70% of the schools are run by government bodies.

There is a huge need for customised, thoughtful and scalable programmes design to ensure learning continuity. The time for Ed-tech has arrived.

The full report can be accessed below.

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Sattva has been working with various corporate clients and social organisations to help them define their social impact goals. Our focus is to solve critical problems and find scalable solutions. We assist organisations in formulating their long-term social impact strategy by strategically aligning with business to provide meaningful solutions to social issues.

We’d love to hear your thoughts and feedback on this topic. Do write to us: impact@sattva.co.in

COVID-19 in India – Public Healthcare Matters

COVID-19 in India – Public Healthcare Matters

The COVID pandemic has proven to be a great equaliser in some ways. Everyone is prone to infection and protecting only a few is of no consequence- universal protection and healthcare is the only way to control the pandemic. The need for a robust public healthcare system has never been more pressing. Exactly how fragile is our public healthcare system and the health of our population?

How fragile is our public healthcare infrastructure exactly?

The analysis that you can download here looks at the real numbers and the weakest links.

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Written by: Vrunda Bansode and Data analysis by: Veda Kulkarni

Powered by data from India Data Insights. Sattva Consulting has made all COVID-related data resources freely accessible here:

We’d love to hear your thoughts and feedback on this topic. Do write to us: impact@sattva.co.in

How can Non-profits Pivot Effectively while Dealing with the COVID-19 Crisis?

How can Non-profits Pivot Effectively while Dealing with the COVID-19 Crisis?

– By Roselin Dey

‘The toughest choice to make is between safety and service in these times of crisis’. The CEO of one of the largest non-profit organisations in India said this recently while rolling out their COVID-19 response strategy.

Non-profits specifically working in the development sector are witnessing a deep impact of COVID-19. On one hand, these non-profits are trying to support communities which are struggling with access to resources, health services and sustenance. On the other hand, donor attention and funds are getting diverted towards COVID-19 relief necessitating non-profits to re-evaluate their focus. In such times, non-profits face a difficult choice whether to continue with a constrained business-as-usual path or to pivot and work on community relief/response.

Financial sustainability is one of the primary drivers for this decision and hence having a discussion to build alignment with the strategic donors is the first step. Assuming that the funders are receptive to adapting their existing grants to work on COVID-19 response, non-profits should then see this as an opportunity to maximise social impact while leveraging core ethos and expertise.

Over the last few weeks, we have had the opportunity to work deeply with one such non-profit to support and co-create their response to COVID-19 crisis.

You can read the full article, here.

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Roselin Dey is a Senior Engagement Manager in the Non Profit Advisory team at Sattva. She works with high potential non-profits in designing and building solutions to enable high impact on the ground. She holds more than a decade of experience in strategy, partnerships development and program management with experience in domains of Sustainability, Social Impact, Entrepreneurship and Innovation.

Sattva has been working with various non-profits and social organisations as well as corporate clients to help them define their social impact goals. Our focus is to solve critical problems and find scalable solutions. We assist organisations in formulating their long-term social impact strategy by strategically aligning with business to provide meaningful solutions to social issues.

We’d love to hear your thoughts and feedback on this topic. Do write to us: impact@sattva.co.in

Enabling Equity in Classrooms in India

Enabling Equity in Classrooms in India

– By Farhan Shaikh

Equity as a construct propagates the core value of fairness and inclusion with a strong belief that all individuals deserve the available opportunities for development despite differences in background and personal abilities. Unlike the notion of ‘equality’ in education, where treatment of every child is expected to be the same before the learning process, ‘equity’ promotes redistribution of resources and teaching support for collective development within the classroom. Given the enormous diversity within a country like India, there have been remarkable initiatives like the Right to Education Act of 2009 and flagship schemes like Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan and mid-day meal which emphasises on education for all but does not necessarily solve for equity.

The latest Children in India Report by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of India, reveals alarming statistics on the dropout rates of girls and students belonging to other socially disadvantaged groups. There is a 30% reduction in enrolment of girls from grade 5 to grade 9.For public schools in rural and semi-urban areas, enrolment up to grade 8 remains high mainly due to the mid-day meal scheme and other government incentives for parents to send their children to school. With its high tribal population, Jharkhand has the highest dropout rate of close to 70% for school children.

You can read the full article, here.

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Farhan Shaikh works with the Program Advisory and Management team at Sattva that largely engages with large scale non-profit Foundations. His work so far has primarily focused on organisational development of non-profits, data driven research studies and strategic philanthropy. Farhan has been associated with the Education circle of Sattva to develop content that can provide key actionable insights on specific problem areas. He completed his Bachelors in Statistics and followed it up with a Young India Fellowship at Ashoka University (Post graduate diploma in Liberal Arts).

Sattva has been working with various non-profits and social organisations as well as corporate clients to help them define their social impact goals. Our focus is to solve critical problems and find scalable solutions. We assist organisations in formulating their long-term social impact strategy by strategically aligning with business to provide meaningful solutions to social issues.

We’d love to hear your thoughts and feedback on this topic. Do write to us: impact@sattva.co.in

Data and insights on CSR’s COVID-19 response

Data and insights on CSR’s COVID-19 response

A closer look at what the CSR community is thinking, and how their funds are being spent in response to the COVID-19 crisis.

India reported its first case of COVID-19 on January 30th, 2020, the same day the World Health Organisation (WHO) declared this a public health emergency of international concern. Up until the date of publishing this article, India had a total of 3,666 active cases with 109 deaths, with the expectation that numbers will increase across states in the coming days. The government has taken strict measures such as invoking the The Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897, the Disaster Management Act, 2005, and a countrywide lockdown, which started on March 24th for three weeks, and has just been extended for approximately three more weeks.

In addition, the Government of India recently declared that companies tackling the COVID-19 crisis would be eligible under the two percent CSR mandate 1 laid out in The Companies Act, 2013. The CSR spend on the COVID-19 response would come under items (i) and (xii) of Schedule VII relating to the promotion of healthcare, including preventive healthcare and sanitation, and disaster management. The CSR community has been quick to respond, with most committees and boards working overtime to speed up internal processes and get approvals for spends and additional budgets. In this article, we address some of the questions that companies frequently ask us.

1. How is the CSR community responding to COVID-19?
2. How do I maximise impact with my funding in the current situation? How do I decide between different options of funding?
3. Should I divert funding from my current programmes, especially if work is stalled due to the lockdown?
4. Workers and entrepreneurs associated with our value chains are vulnerable due to the pandemic. If we work towards rehabilitation of these affected communities, would it still be considered CSR?
5. How can I leverage my employees’ contributions for COVID-19 response? What are some of the avenues through which they can contribute?.

Read the article, originally published on India Development Review here.

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Sattva has been working with various corporate clients to help them define their social impact goals and maximise the return on social investment. Our focus is to solve critical problems and find scalable solutions. We assist companies in formulating their long-term CSR strategy by strategically aligning with business to provide meaningful solutions to social issues. We look at short-term, medium-term and long-term outcomes while designing programmes. It is our endeavour to unlock the maximum return on investment for our clients. If you would like to know more about our programmes, please do write to us at impact@sattva.co.in

Matching Contributions in India

Matching Contributions in India

Background

Over the last decade, individual volunteering, societal awareness on development issues, and large-scale citizen engagement with social causes have grown rapidly in India. While giving has been largely informal in India, formal giving is slowly evolving on the back of innovations in digital giving, crowdfunding, e-commerce based giving, payroll giving, and online volunteering platforms. This growth in formal giving to NGOs, also known as everyday giving or retail giving, is likely to become a significant contributor to philanthropic efforts in India in the next 3-5 years.

Retail giving offers NGOs and donors innovative ways to fundraise, and one such innovation is the use of ‘matching contributions’. The concept of a matching contribution, in which a donor extends a grant as a match for the NGO to leverage it to fundraise from other sources, stands to further boost formal everyday giving in India.

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About the Report and Toolkit

With the support of the A.T.E. Chandra Foundation, Sattva Research has endeavoured to create evidence, an actionable toolkit and document case studies that exemplify the practice of matching contributions in India.
The report and toolkit are structured into a 2-part publication that aims to drive the usage of matching contributions for the development sector in India. While the toolkit is an easy-to-follow guide for NGOs to kickstart or enhance their fundraising journey by leveraging matching contributions, the report strives to present a strong case for the current and potential impact of matching contributions on individual giving in India. Together, the report and toolkit aim to motivate platforms, funders, and NGOs alike to take up matching contributions significantly as part of their strategy and fundraising design.

Key Takeaways

1. For corporates: Employee matching programs can enable corporates to: a) create a vibrant culture of volunteering across levels b) encourage employees to give to causes of their choices and c) reinforce their commitment to the country’s development. By offering both structured matching programmes as well as one-off matching campaigns in times of need, corporates can multiply the impact of their funds towards social causes manifold. Moreover, the availability of multiple online platforms offers a great opportunity to automate systems and processes towards linking payroll giving, and employee volunteering.

2. For private donors: Donors across segments and motivations stand to accrue a range of benefits by strategically leveraging matching campaigns. These include a high social return on investment, an opportunity to build grantees’ fundraising capabilities and expand their donor base, and a tool to encourage retail giving Donors must explore the different use cases of matching campaigns, and look to include the same as part of their overall giving model.

3. For independent platforms: Platforms have an important role to play in promoting the potential of matching campaigns, supporting the fundraisers and enhancing the givers’ experience through the journey of the campaign. Platforms must consistently work to identify new ways to personalize the giving experience and celebrate giving. Platforms could also collaborate with NGOs to run pilots to increase ease of giving by working on documentations, engagement with givers, data analytics, and digital storytelling. Lastly, platforms must also look at piloting collaborations with mainstream businesses/ e-commerce/ digital wallets and other offline outlets to build a case for matching.

The full report and toolkit can be accessed below.

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On 18 April 2020, we launched the report and the toolkit with a webinar and a panel discussion among key stakeholders in the giving ecosystem. The presentation from the webinar can be accessed below.

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Sattva has been working with various non-profits and social organisations as well as corporate clients to help them define their social impact goals. Our focus is to solve critical problems and find scalable solutions. We assist organisations in formulating their long-term social impact strategy by strategically aligning with business to provide meaningful solutions to social issues.

We’d love to hear your thoughts and feedback on this topic. Do write to us: research.advisory@sattva.co.in